Anticipation Guide is a Reading Strategy designed to activate students’ background or prior knowledge of issues or concepts. The guide is a series of statements about a specific text the students are going to read. Before reading, students indicate whether they agree or disagree with the statements, and they return to these statements to do the same after reading.
Reading Strategy 1: Access background knowledge.
Reading Strategy 2: Predict what will be learned or what will happen.
Reading Strategy 7: Determine the most important ideas and events and the relationship between them.
Reading Strategy 8: Extract information from text, charts, graphs, maps and illustrations.
Reading Strategy 11: Make inferences and draw conclusions.
Reading Strategy 12: Reflect and respond.
(1) Review the text and make four to six simple statements which can be answered true or false but are not easily determined.
(2) Decide on the order of the statements and how you will present the activity. Present statements before the students read the text. Students decide whether they think the statements are true or false.
(3) Poll the students and then discuss each statement briefly. Encourage students to share their opinions and give reasons. Discuss what the story might be about.
(4) Read the text aloud, individually or in pairs. After reading, return to the statements to note whether the text proves them true or false.
(5) Students find and record the correct passage from the text that confirms their answer.